martes, 19 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | The Melnikov House : icon of the Avant-Garde, family home, architecture museum

The Melnikov House : icon of the Avant-Garde, family home, architecture museum / Pavel Kuznetsov ; modern photography by Denis Esakov ; translation: Patricia Donegan.
DOM, Berlin : 2017.
223 p. : il.
ISBN 9783869224367

Casas individuales -- Rusia.
Melnikov, Konstantin, 1870-1974.
Moscú (Rusia)
Sbc Aprendizaje A-728.3 MEL*spi

The Melnikov House, a building designed by the architect Konstantin­ Melnikov in Moscow for his family (1927-1929), is an icon of the architectural avant-garde. The house was originally built as an experimental cylindrical house to test out Konstantin­ Melnikov's very own concept of mass construction of residential estate. The original layout, elegant spatial arrangement, and smart engineering techniques made this masterpiece world famous. According­ to the words of Melnikov, the essence of the house lies in its -even distribution of weight, light, air, and heat-. Being of a unique architectural form, it still looks modern while retaining the authentic memorial atmosphere of the twentieth century, thus reflecting the tragic life of this maverick architect. This book covers the house in its current condition - during its transformation from a family home to the State Melnikovs Museum, awaiting an in-depth survey by specialists and conservation works. The book contains rich archival materials as well as recent photographs. It describes the challenges and choices that need to be made during the process of museumification. Many of the memorial objects from the house linked to the professional life of the architect will be published for the first time.

lunes, 18 de junio de 2018

#libri #architettura | Carlo Scarpa : Canova Museum Possagno

Carlo Scarpa : Canova Museum Possagno / Gianluca Frediani ; photographs by Alessandra Chemollo ; with an essay by Susanna Pasquali.
Mondadori Electa, Milano : 2016.
137 p. : il.
Colección: Electa Architecture.
ISBN 9788891812438

Canova, Antonio, 1757-1822.
Escultura -- Italia.
Museo Canova.
Museos -- Arquitectura.
Scarpa, Carlo, 1906-1978.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72SCARPA CAR*spi

Nonostante la vasta letteratura scientifica a disposizione, l'intervento scarpiano ha spesso suscitato dubbi interpretativi a causa della difficoltà di individuarne i limiti materiali in una stratificazione storica articolata e complessa Il libro, corredato da un ricco repertorio iconografico, cerca di sollevare questo velo di incertezze, ripercorrendo le concitate fasi del lavoro scarpiano in una trattazione che induce - da un lato - a scoprirne le strette relazioni con la casa canoviana ed il paesaggio dei luoghi - dall'altro - ad approfondirne i modelli di riferimento e le vicende costruttive Per meglio mettere a fuoco il rapporto che l'architetto imbastisce con i gessi canoviani, lo studio ricostruisce l'evoluzione degli allestimenti espositivi dalla fondazione della Gipsoteca neoclassica alla sistemazione scarpiana del 1957 Alongside the critical interpretation to reality documentary archive, the book leaves emerge a new vision of Scarpa's project, caught in its oscillation between the legacy of classical models and outcomes of the modern movement The volume, which was introduced by the wise to Dispense and Susanna Pai, is illustrated by an extensive review of sketches and drawings of the Venetian architect, coming from his personal archives preserved at the MAXXI in Rome and Treviso Centro.

domingo, 17 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | Building Berlin : the latest architecture in and out of the capital. Vol. 5

Building Berlin : the latest architecture in and out of the capital. Vol. 5 / [chief editor Louis Back].
Braun, [Berlin] : 2016.
183 p. : il.
ISBN 9783037682050

Arquitectos -- Alemania.
Arquitectura -- Siglo XXI -- Alemania.
Berlín (Alemania)
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72.038(430) BUI/V*spi

From Berlin via China and Brazil to Spain Berlins architecture is one of the most exciting aspects of its cultural heritage. Many of its buildings are internationally renowned, and year after year local architects design countless new projects in the capital and throughout Germany. Whether new constructions or building redevelopments, interior design, landscape architecture or urban planning, projects related to the German capital stand for sophisticated concepts and high quality. As it does every year ‘Building Berlin’ presents the most important and interesting projects from the past year in Berlin. The presentation of the approximately 70 projects in eight chapters is accompanied by essays on exemplary aspects. Especially noteworthy is the analysis on the protection of buildings from the postwar years The contribution 'XS Living' looks at the different aspects of the current trend to live in the city on limited space and its consequences for residents, developers, designers and urban planners. Further texts deal with contemporary event locations between economic requirements, functional flexibility and the need to create always the desired atmosphere, and the use of expressionist elements in modern architecture.

sábado, 16 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | Building Berlin : the latest architecture in and out of the capital. Vol. 4

Building Berlin : the latest architecture in and out of the capital. Vol. 4 / [authors Uwe Aulich ... (et al.) ; chief editor Louis Back].
Braun, [Berlin] : 2015.
183 p. : il.
ISBN 9783037681886

Arquitectos -- Alemania.
Arquitectura -- Siglo XXI -- Alemania.
Berlín (Alemania)
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72.038(430) BUI/IV*spi

Berlin’s architecture is one of the most exciting aspects of its cultural heritage. Many of its buildings are internationally renowned, and year after year local architects design countless new projects in the capital and throughout Germany. ‘Building Berlin Vol. 4’ presents the most exciting of these: sensitive restorations of listed treasures like the Haus des Rundfunks, awardwinning new builds such as: envihab in Cologne, intelligently designed exhibitions, and open space developments like the IBA Spreehafen project in Hamburg. The book also features essays on current trends and issues in Berlin architecture. It explores the parks and green spaces that have grown up along the site of the Berlin Wall in the twenty-fi ve years since it came down, serving both as places of recreation and memorials to an unhappy past. It shows how the idea of sustainable building has developed an aesthetic all of its own, and how a legendary piece of Germany’s cultural heritage is getting the recognition it deserves as the Bauhaus approaches its centenary in 2019.

viernes, 15 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | Porosis

Porosis / Nuno Brandao Costa, arquitectura = architecture ; André Cepeda, imagens = images ; [ediçao = edition, Daniela Sá, Joao Carmo Simoes].
Monade, Lisboa : 2017.
411 p. : il.
Texto en portugués e inglés.
ISBN 9789899948525

Arquitectura -- Siglo XXI -- Portugal.
Brandão Costa, Nuño, 1970-
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72NUNO POR*spi

‘Porosis’ invites an intense look at the work of the new figure in the Porto School of Architecture, after Eduardo Souto Moura and Álvaro Siza. The singularity of Nuno Brandão Costa’s work lies in his sustained attention to the primary elements of construction and its plasticity. Through new materials and techniques, his work has built upon the clarity of traditional Portuguese architecture. André Cepeda travelled for some months photographing the work of Nuno Brandão Costa. More a sensitive approach than a literal document, this book is a powerful testimony of Portuguese architecture nowadays, through the surprising work of this architect. The images, by one of the most highly regarded Portuguese photographers, brilliantly challenge the limits of an architectural monograph.

jueves, 14 de junio de 2018

#llibres #arquitectura | El palau de l'humanisme : cent anys de bones lletres al Palau Requesens

El palau de l'humanisme : cent anys de bones lletres al Palau Requesens / edició de Sergio Vila-Sanjuán ; fotografies de Jordi Vidal F.
Comanegra [etc.], Barcelona : 2017.
206 p. : il. col. y n.
ISBN 9788416605897

Arquitectura gótica -- Cataluña.
Real Academia de Buenas Letras (Barcelona)
Palacios -- Cataluña.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-728.8 PAL*spi

La Reial Acadèmia de Bones Lletres de Barcelona és una de les institucions més prestigioses de la cultura catalana. Creada al segle XVIII per un grup d’il·lustrats barcelonins, va ocupar diferents seus fins que el 1917, per cessió de l’Estat, va passar a ocupar el Palau Requesens del barri Gòtic, on es troba des d'aleshores. El 2017 s'en celebra el centenari. El Palau Requesens és avui una de les joies arquitectòniques de la ciutat. Construït al segle XIII sobre una muralla romana, amb estructura i elements gòtics, inclou un deliciós pati noucentista. Al llarg del segle xx va ser objecte de diverses restauracions. Allotja sales d'actes i reunions dels acadèmics, diferents biblioteques especialitzades i una notable col·lecció de retrats, la Galeria de Catalans Il·lustres. Aquest llibre, exhaustivament il·lustrat, pretén mostrar la riquesa arquitectònica, visual i històrica del Palau Requesens, i alhora documenta les activitats culturals de la Reial Acadèmia en el període en què ha ocupat aquest espai, és a dir, al llarg de l’últim segle. Els autors, gairebé tots acadèmics, perfilen de forma transversal la història recent de l’humanisme a Catalunya a través dels diferents sabers que han tingut representació a Bones Lletres.

miércoles, 13 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | What is a museum now? : Snøhetta and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art

What is a museum now? : Snøhetta and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art / essays by Snøhetta, Justin Davidson and Andrew Russeth ; foreword by Rebecca Solnit.
Lars Müller, Zurich : 2017.
285 p. : il.
ISBN 9783037785072

Museos -- Arquitectura.
Museos -- Estados Unidos.
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-727.7 WHA*spi

What is a Museum Now? asks for the role of a museum in contemporary society. This book contains a detailed and extensive documentation of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art's expansion, conducted by Snøhetta. The studio evolved the SFMOMA as a new form of art appreciation where the experience is an extension of the life of the city itself. All of Snøhetta's work is formed by the interaction between humans and their physical surroundings. The design studio recognised that a museum is a mediator between art and life.

This book presents the most recent investigation by Snøhetta into how architecture can nurture social interaction and diversity, fostering relationships where the world of the imagination and the realities of our lives come together. Accompanied by behind-the-scenes sketches, drawings and photographs that detail the design and construction process, this book is in itself an intimate engagement with the building, its art, its directors and curators, its inhabitants and its creators.

Snøhetta is an international design studio with offices in New York, Oslo, San Francisco and Innsbruck. Their work includes some of the world's most notable cultural and public projects. Since 1989, Snøhetta has cultivated an original transdisciplinary approach, integrating architecture, landscape and interior design.

martes, 12 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | Diagonal strategies : Berger + Parkkinen Architekten

Diagonal strategies : Berger + Parkkinen Architekten / August Sarnitz (ed.), Francisco Barrachina Pastor.
Birkhäuser, Basel : 2017.
142 p. : il.

Arquitectura -- Siglo XXI.
Berger + Parkkinen.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72BERGER DIA*spi

The much noted international architects practice, Berger + Parkkinen, was founded in 1995 by Alfred Berger and Tiina Parkkinen, with practices in Vienna and Helsinki. The practice has worked on a wide variety of projects, including a private medical university, and a timber residential building (together with querkraft Architects). The designs produced by Berger + Parkkinen are characterized by an uncluttered, elegant urbanity, as well as by an innovative use of materials. The Nordic Embassies in Berlin (1996-1999), for which the practice has received many awards, are some of their most published projects. This first monograph in the form of a bibliophilic, handy book comprises the documentation of about 15 projects, a register of the complete oeuvre, as well as an introductory essay.

lunes, 11 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | Authenticity : Landing Studio, First Office, Besler & Sons, Mcdowellespinosa, Thom Moran, Endemic

Authenticity : Landing Studio, First Office, Besler & Sons, Mcdowellespinosa, Thom Moran, Endemic / acknowledgements by Bille Tsien ; foreword by Michael Meredith ; introduction by Anne Rieselbach ; [editor Anne Rieselbach].
Architectural League of New York, New York : 2017.
176 p. : il.
Colección: Young Architects ; 17.
ISBN 9780991026364

Architectural League Prize for Young Architects and Designers.
Arquitectos -- Estados Unidos.
Arquitectura -- Premios y recompensas.
Arquitectura -- Siglo XXI -- Estados Unidos.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72.092 *YOU/17*spi

The Architectural League Prize is an annual event involving a competition, a series of lectures, an exhibition, and a publication, organized by the Architectural League of New York and its Young Architects and Designers Committee. The 2015 competition theme, 'Authenticity', investigated recent advances in computation, visualization, material intelligence, and fabrication technologies, exploring how these advances have begun to alter the understanding of general design principles as well as the architect's role and practical approach toward architecture and research. Projects by the six winners address new positions of authenticity in architecture through form, design, substance, function, context, and other means that direct and transform their practices. The winners are: Dan Adams and Marie Adams, Landing Studio, Somerville, MA; Anna Neimark and Andrew Atwood, First Office, Los Angeles; Erin Besler, Besler & Sons, Los Angeles; Seth McDowell and Rychiee Espinosa, mcdowellespinosa, Scottsville, VA, and Brooklyn; Thom Moran, Ann Arbor, MI; and Clark Thenhaus, Endemic, Ann Arbor, MI.

The Architectural League of New York, founded in 1881, nurtures excellence in architecture, design, and urbanism, and stimulates thinking and debate about the critical design and building issues of our time. As a vital, independent forum for architecture and its allied disciplines, the League helps create a more beautiful, vibrant, innovative, and sustainable future. Michael Meredith is a principal of MOS, an internationally recognized architecture practice based in New York, and an assistant professor at Princeton University School of Architecture. His writing has appeared in Artforum, LOG, Perspecta, Praxis, Domus, and Harvard Design Magazine. Anne Rieselbach, program director of the Architectural League, has directed the Architectural League Prize since 1987. She organizes many of the League's lecture series, competitions, and exhibitions, and she was the editor of the recent League publication 30 Years of Emerging Voices: Idea, Form, Resonance.

domingo, 10 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | OfficeUS manual

OfficeUS manual / edited by Eva Franch ... [et al.].
Lars Müller, Zurich : 2017.
286 p. : il.
US Pavilion, 14 International Architecture Exhibition, La Biennale di Venezia.
ISBN 9783037784396

Arquitectura -- Práctica.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72-05 OFF*spi

OfficeUS Manual is a critical, occasionally humorous and sometimes stupefying guide to the architectural workplace that documents and interrogates the protocols, policies and procedures of architectural offices. The book is the third publication of the OfficeUS series, which is dealing with the development of US architectural practices all over the world. 

OfficeUS Manual contains historical material from large firms and small studios. Additionally it features contemporary reflections by more than fifty architects, artists and writers concerned with the needs and desires of professional architecture practices today. It analyses the methods and practices of architectural firms looking at the past one hundred years. 

The book with its exceptional use of photography is a resource for understanding – and reimagining – the nature and design of an architectural practice. It features original graphic analysis and images from The Architects by Amie Siegel. Part of the series OfficeUS are OfficeUS Agenda – documenting the work of US architectural offices and their global influence over the past one hundred years – and OfficeUS Atlas, a register and press archive of US architectural production abroad.

sábado, 9 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | Essays, arguments & interviews on "modern architecture Kuwait"

Essays, arguments & interviews on "modern architecture Kuwait" / edited by Ricardo Camacho, Sara Saragoça, Roberto Fabbri.
Niggli, Salenstein, Switzerland : 2018 [i.e. 2017].
247 p. : il.
ISBN 9783721209587

Arquitectura -- Kuwait.
Arquitectura -- Siglo XX.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72.036(536.8) ESS*spi

Between 1949 and 1989, remarkable buildings of late modernity were constructed in the coastal city of Kuwait. Within these four decades, the city state on the Arabian Gulf was comprehensively restructured and practically redesigned. Following a first volume with150 carefully selected exemplary buildings, this second volume features interviews, essays and arguments, as well as transcripts of contemporary publications of these years. The texts by local and international scholars focus on questions regarding the significance and function of the buildings along with the role of individual and corporate protagonists that influenced, defined and created this highly dynamic restructuring process. Furthermore, all aspects are integrated into a wider regional and international context. The contributions are complemented by an extensive array of photographic, layout, and archive materials. 

Published in 2016, ‘Modern Architecture Kuwait 1949–1989’ is the first systematic analysis of Kuwait’s building production. This second volume collects essays, arguments, and interviews that focus on the role of individuals and corporations in the process of perceiving, transforming, and building the modern state of Kuwait.

The post-WWII environment along with political and artistic solidarity in the emerging Arab World promoted an exchange of ideas and individuals throughout the region. This edited collection uncovers the regional context that established the modern practice of architecture and planning between the 1940s and 1980s. The editors of "Modern Architecture Kuwait 1949–1989" selected a diverse group of contributors from both Kuwait and abroad to produce expertly researched and crafted essays and arguments. The interviews conducted by the editors between 2012 and 2016 appear as transcripts, while other relevant published materials produced in or on Kuwait from 1949 until 1989 are also featured. In their own essays, the editors explore broader topics such as the political and socio-economic process of modernisation in the country, the educational and professional establishment of the architectural practice in the region, and the development of a contemporary construction industry in Kuwait. Also, the volume’s introduction includes an atlas that traces the movement of architects, planners, and projects for and from Kuwait, mapping a series of unprecedented reciprocities between geographical, economic, political, and social realities in the Arab World. The second collection expands far beyond the first volume, challenging different narratives while also connecting divergent spheres to offer readers a critical look at a local perspective based on a regional context.

viernes, 8 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | Cohousing inclusive : Self-organized, community-led housing for all

Cohousing inclusive : selbstorganisiertes, gemeinschaftliches Wohnen für alle = Self-organized, community-led housing for all / id22, Institut für kreative Nachhaltigkeit = id22, Institute for Creative Sustainability ; Michael LaFond & Larisa Tsvetkova (Hg. = eds.) ; [texte = texts, Raúl Aguayo-Krauthausen ... et al.].
Jovis, Berlin : 2017.
239 p. : il.
Texto en alemán e inglés
ISBN 9783868594621

Arquitectura doméstica.
Inmuebles cooperativos para viviendas.
Inmuebles para vivienda.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-728.2 COH*spi

Experimental dwelling forms—CoHousing Cultures—are entering the mainstream. But to what extent are they accessible and affordable for all, including people with more or less money, with or without refugee experience, with or without disabilities? Community- led housing initiatives are already developing diverse, sustainable neighborhoods, driven by civil society and increasingly supported by foundations, cooperatives and municipalities as well as housing companies and developers. This book contains critical reviews of model projects representing a multifaceted European movement, complemented with photos and drawings. Short texts argue how political and financial conditions can be improved to better realize community housing. Finally, a range of voices offer unconventional and promising strategies.

jueves, 7 de junio de 2018

#libros #catalogos #arquitectura | Forensic architecture : hacia una estética investigativa

Forensic architecture : hacia una estética investigativa / [exposición a cargo de Forensic Architecture ; textos Ferran Barenblit ... et al. ; traducción de Juan de Sola].
RM, Barcelona : 2017.
175 p. : il.
Catálogo de la exposición de igual tít. presentada en el MACBA de España (27 de abril al 15 de octubre 2017) y en el MUAC de Ciudad de México (9 de septiembre de 2017 al 7 de enero del 2018).
ISBN 9788417047153

Arquitectura -- Aspecto social.
Derechos humanos.
Investigaciones criminales.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72:316 FOR*spi

Forensic Architecture es grupo internacional de investigadores que utiliza la arquitectura como herramienta metodológica para investigar conflictos armados, vulneración de derechos humanos y la destrucción medioambiental. Las investigaciones y textos críticos que se incluyen en el libro examinan cómo se produce “tecnológica, arquitectónica y estéticamente” la verdad pública, cómo puede utilizarse para confrontar la propaganda y los secretos de Estado, y cómo denunciar nuevas formas de violencia de Estado. Este libro, en cuyas páginas se recogen los orígenes, la historia, los logros, el potencial y las dificultades y limitaciones con las que se encuentran el grupo de investigadores, sirve de catálogo de la exposición coproducida por el MACBA (España) y el MUAC (México).

miércoles, 6 de junio de 2018

#books #architecture | SANAA : Kazuyo Sejima, Ryue Nishizawa 2011-2018

SANAA : Kazuyo Sejima, Ryue Nishizawa 2011-2018 / essay by Kazuyo Sejima, Ryue Nishizawa.
ADA Edita, Tokyo : 2018.
275 p. : il.
Colección: GA Architect ; 23.
Textos en inglés y japonés.
ISBN 9784871404365

Arquitectura -- Siglo XXI -- Japón.
Nishizawa, Ryue, 1966-
Sejima, Kazuyo, 1956-
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72(082) *GAA/23*spi

This massive overview of recent work by Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa, who together gained international recognition with their office SANAA, covers both independent and collaborative projects. Featuring a multiplicity of buildings from the 21st century and an essay by each architect, it offers an in-depth look at how their practice has evolved and which new directions they are taking. It begins with more than 40 built projects, exhibitions, and furniture designs by SANAA, following which are sections devoted entirely to each architect’s own work, an additional 38 projects in total. Notable works include Naoshima Port Terminal, Osaka University of Arts, and Jining Museum.

martes, 5 de junio de 2018

#monograficos #arquitectura | TC 133 | Correia-Ragazzi : arquitectura 2005-2018

Correia-Ragazzi : arquitectura 2005-2018 / edición a cargo de Ricardo Merí de la Maza y Clara E. Mejía Vallejo.
General de Ediciones de Arquitectura, Valencia : 2018 
237 p. : principalmente il.
Colección: TC Cuadernos. Serie Dédalo.
Ed. bilingüe en español e inglés
En : TC : tribuna de la construcción, n. 133 (feb. 2018).
ISBN 9788494347542

Arquitectura -- Siglo XXI -- Portugal.
Correia-Ragazzi Arquitectos.

Sbc Aprendizaje A-72(082) *TCT/133*spi

Aunque la obra de Graça Correia y Roberto Ragazzi ha sido muy publicada y premiada en numerosos países, está es la primera monografía completa que recoge su producción arquitectónica en un único volumen. En 282 páginas se presentan un total de 13 proyectos y obras desde sus inicios como estudio hasta la más reciente producción que se encuentra aún en proceso. 

La arquitectura de Graça Correia y Roberto Ragazzi cuenta con una fuerte presencia de lo material llevado a lo extremo de su depuración física y estética. En su trabajo resulta evidente el protagonismo que tiene la estructura desde la concepción misma, pero aunque no se trabaja de manera autónoma ni se impone al resultado formal, tampoco se esconde buscando obtener ese efecto mágico de sorpresa tan contemporáneo. Su manera de entender la función y la relación de la estructura con la arquitectura se encuentra alejada de la separación de ambos en sistemas autónomos, el puramente estructural y el puramente estético. 

Desde los inicios, en sus bocetos, la estructura ni se oculta ni se impone a la forma, el mismo trazo las contiene a ambas. No hay renuncia a la gravedad, al peso, pero sin imponerse a la forma. Predomina la noción de equilibrio, no de un equilibrio visualmente inestable sino, precisamente por la indivisibilidad entre forma y estructura, de un equilibrio en el que ambas pesan por igual. Graça y Roberto consiguen domar la estructura para que sea parte indisoluble de la forma. O lo que es lo mismo, es a través de la estructura domada que la forma se domestica.

lunes, 4 de junio de 2018

#libros #arquitectura | Industrias : Javier García-Solera

Industrias : Javier García-Solera / [editores, Carmen Jordá Such, Maite Palomares Figueres].
Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia : 2017.
284 p. : il.
Colección: Arquitectura Moderna y Contemporánea. Monografías ETSA-UPV ; 1.
Catálogo de la exposición del mismo nombre celebrada en la sala de exposiciones ETSA-UPV de Valencia del 4 de mayo al 28 de julio de 2017.
ISBN 9788490486146

Arquitectura -- Siglo XX -- Comunidad Valenciana.
Arquitectura -- Siglo XXI -- Comunidad Valenciana.
García-Solera, Javier, 1958-
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72GARCIA SOLERA IND*spi

Este libro, que se publicó simultáneamente a la exposición del mismo nombre, pretende ser, como ella, una reivindicación de la obra como industria, como lugar donde se hace realidad lo que hasta entonces solo ha sido posible pensado; donde se produce la fabricación de la arquitectura. En la obra se evidencia mejor que en ningún ámbito el saber compartido. Y que el trasvase de conocimientos es el camino primordial para la construcción de lo común. De que toda arquitectura es un hecho colectivo y que por tanto no es de autor; ninguna obra nos pertenece. Ambos, exposición y libro, un elogio a la formación politécnica como compendio de saberes necesarios para acometer no sólo la materialización, sino el propio pensamiento de la arquitectura. Y una reflexión sobre si existe posibilidad de pensar con claridad más allá de donde tienes una firme intuición de lo que las cosas pudieran llegar a ser. Por eso la importancia del conocimiento técnico, y por ello siempre mejor resolver que diseñar y descubrir que inventar; pues es en la insistencia y la revisión donde surge lo nuevo.

domingo, 3 de junio de 2018

#libros #catalogos #arquitectura | Adolf Loos, espacios privados

Adolf Loos, espacios privados / [autores, Beatriz Colomina ... et al.].
Obra Social "La Caixa" : Ajuntament, Barcelona : 2017.
283 p. : il.
Catálogo de la exposición del mismo nombre celebrada en el Museu del Disseny de Barcelona del 14 de diciembre de 2017 al 25 de febrero de 2018.
ISBN 9788499001890 / 9788491560531

Arquitectura interior.
Decoración interior.
Loos, Adolf, 1870-1933.
Sbc Aprendizaje A-72LOOS ADO*spi

Adolf Loos consideraba que un edificio debía ser discreto por fuera y revelar toda su riqueza en el interior. Por esta razón, revisar la obra del arquitecto desde sus interiores supone un ejercicio imprescindible para entender la complejidad espacial de uno de los arquitectos más incomprendidos del siglo XX.

Contrariamente a los arquitectos coetáneos de la Secesión, quienes diseñaban sus espacios hasta el menor detalle, Loos se ofrecía como “profesor de interiorismo” y pretendía adaptarse a los hábitos y preferencias del cliente, invitándolos a abrazar su propio mal gusto, en vez de seguir el gusto de un arquitecto “esteta”. Junto con el habitante diseñaba espacios acogedores, en los que la calidez se desprendía del uso efectivo de materiales de calidad y de la creación de un espacio continuo y fluido pautado por diferentes elementos mobiliarios. Loos diseñaba muebles integrados a la arquitectura que otorgaban una función a una parte del espacio, como bancos y estanterías de la misma madera del revestimiento de una pared, o pequeñas salas de estar definidas por un cambio de altura y elementos mobiliarios fundidos con las paredes. A la vez, esta estrategia de considerar el hábitat como un todo (arquitectura y mobiliario), no le imposibilitaba complementar estos espacios con otros muebles producidos industrialmente según modelos clásicos ingleses que utilizaba o copiaba sin pudor, haciéndose valer de un pragmatismo que adquirió durante su estancia en Norteamérica.

Para Loos, la importancia del interior tenía que ver con la vida que se desarrollaba y el respeto a la privacidad e intimidad. En sus escritos periodísticos, publicados principalmente en la revista ‘Das Andere’, se hace patente la voluntad del arquitecto de modernizar la sociedad austríaca. Más allá de su arquitectura formal, lo que Loos creó fue una nueva cultura del habitar, y es precisamente esta actitud la que lo hace terriblemente moderno.